The Most Important Data Analyst Interview Questions

HiringHuman resources
April 4, 2023

Data analytics is a fun, profitable, and brilliant job. Companies have invested billions of dollars in research and development in this area, which is considered a high-paying job. 

But there is a lot of competition in this career, and data analysts should stay ahead; we choose some of the most common interview questions to help you master an interview. 

By reviewing these questions, you can better understand the most common questions and answers in a data analyst interview and keep them in mind while preparing for the test and interview.

Data analytics are widely spread worldwide in many industries because data analysts collect and process data and analyze large databases to gather necessary insights.

If you are considering applying for a job as a data analyst, you need to prepare for the interview questions to get a better result. This article will provide frequently asked questions about data analyst interviews to help you through the interview process.

What does a data analyst do?

Data analysts gather essential insights about a company’s customers by analyzing data

Data analysts gather essential insights about a company’s customers by analyzing data and determining how these data can be used to solve problems. They will also share this information with senior management and other shareholders.

Data analysts have a vital role in modern businesses by studying customer bases and identifying how these factors can affect profits. Then, they advise management on how to lead the business forward.

According to McKenzie, successful data analysts should be good at math and statistics skills, but besides that, they should be capable of 

  • Analytical skills to collect, view and analyze information
  • Numerical skills to calculate and analyze data
  • Technical skills such as software languages to organize and present data

Data analysts collect, clean, explore and interpret data to find answers to questions and solve problems. They can work in many industries, such as finance, criminal justice, healthcare, and government.

Data analysts should find answers to questions such as: what types of customers should a business target in their next advertising campaign? What behavioral patterns are related to financial fraud? Which age groups are most exposed to specific diseases?

The main objective of a data analyst is to help organizations find ways to reduce costs and boost profit. They should interpret statistics into understandable business information and prepare reports. 

Data analysts are usually hired because of their skills and expertise to help companies decrease their costs. They can also offer valuable insights to companies about companies that are trending or other rivals in the market.

Data analyst roles and responsibilities

Data analysts have different roles and responsibilities

Data analysts have different roles and responsibilities. One of their primary roles is to analyze data and insights and organize them based on sales, logistics, market research, linguistics, and other behavioral patterns.  

After analyzing and designing the data, they will use it to help businesses, companies, and individuals they can make better decisions. Some of the most critical roles and responsibilities of data analysts are as below:

  • Working with management to prioritize information requirements.
  • Collect data, conduct surveys, track visitor interests on a company website, or buy datasets from data collection experts.
  • Identifying data sources
  • Finding the source of missing data
  • Organizing data into accessible formats
  • Clean data, as raw data might include duplicates or errors.
  • Collect and interpret data regarding specific vital topics of the business.
  • Set up data framework.
  • Develop, execute, and keep databases.
  • Evaluate data quality and eliminate or clean data.
  • Develop information and insights from datasets and identify patterns
  • Analyze results and prepare reports for managers
  • Identify and interpret trends in a complicated data set.
  • Create strategies to optimize the quality of results.
  • Originate new data collection and analyze the processes.
  • Present the results as charts, graphs, or writing reports.

What skills should a data analyst have?

Data analysts should concentrate more on their skills than tools because the tools they need can differ based on their responsibilities, companies’ needs, and the industry they work in. 

Data analysts should concentrate more on their skills than tools because the tools they need can differ based on their responsibilities, companies’ needs, and the industry they work in. 

To find data-driven positions as a data analyst, you must keep track of job postings. But, as data analysts have different roles, you must know which skills are the most important ones to improve them. It might be challenging to identify the most vital skills, but some of the most crucial ones are as below:

1. Data Visualization

2. Data Cleaning


4. R or Python-Statistical Programming

5. Data cleaning and preparation

6. Data analysis and exploration

7. Statistical knowledge

8. Data visualizations

9. Create dashboards

10. Prepare reports

11. Writing and communication

12. Domain knowledge

13. Problem-solving

14. SQL and NoSQL

15. Machine Learning

16. Linear Algebra and Calculus

17. Communication

18. Structured Query Language (SQL)

19. Microsoft Excel

20. Critical Thinking

What are the most important interview questions for data analysts?

What are the most important interview questions for data analysts?

There are about 100,00 data analyst jobs worldwide. Data analysts are demanded in the best industries, such as healthcare, finance, and entertainment. If you are considering stepping foot into this career, you have to be prepared for a data analyst interview. 

For many people, an interview can be the scariest part of the job, but it doesn’t have to be. If you take the time to do some research and get prepared, you can participate in an interview with high confidence. 

The next part of article will provide you the most common interview questions which you might come across when participating in a data analyst interview. 

  1. Explain the difference between data mining and data profiling?
  2. How do you managed data inconsistencies?
  3. While working with Excel, how can you clear all the formatting without removing cell content?
  4. What are the different steps involved in any analytics project?
  5. What are the best strategies for data cleaning?
  6. Describe your most complicated data project from start to finish. What were the most difficult challenges, and how did you manage them?
  7. What is your process when you start working on a new project?
  8. Explain what logistic regression is.
  9. What do you think are the three best qualities that a data analyst should have?
  10. What are some best tools that can be useful for data analysis?
  11. Define a SQL term
  12. What is a Pivot table?
  13. What is an outlier?
  14. What are some of the most popular tools used in Big Data?
  15. Explain the KNN imputation method.
  16. Explain the term “data validation?”
  17. Explain descriptive, predictive, and prescriptive analytics.
  18. What is the significance of Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA)?
  19. Explain what should be done with suspected or missing data.
  20. What are the top Apache frameworks used in a distributed computing environment?
  21. How to deal the multi-source problems?
  22. Where is Time Series Analysis used?
  23. Describe univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis.
  24.  What is the K-means algorithm?
  25. Explain what KPI is.
  26. Explain the design of experiments and the 80/20 rule.
  27. Explain the difference between standardized and unstandardized coefficients?
  28. Explain the term Normal Distribution. 
  29. How is Overfitting different from Underfitting? 


Data analyst applicants should do proper reserach and prepare their answers for their interview. As a data analyst candidate it is better to earn a professional certification prior to interview and do some reserach about the company requirements. 

Try to align your skills and experiences with company’s goals and tasks and find out if the interview is going to be online or in person and check the quality of your internet connection is case it is an online interview.

Pay attention to the questions during the interview. As some of the interview question might be general, remember that all of them will be related to data analysis. You can also ask questions about your roles, responsibilties and company’s goal to have a better insight. 

It is wise to do follow-ups after the interview by sending a thank yyou email to the recruiter. You can reach out to them after the interview and ask for their feedback or ask any question which you didn;t have the chance to ask during the interview.