Electrical Engineer Interview Questions and Answers: Ultimate Guide

Hiring & recruitingHuman resources
February 7, 2023

Electrical engineers work on installing, building, testing, overseeing, and maintaining electrical systems and equipment. 

Electrical engineers’ main focus is on safety, sustainability, and financial values, and they work in different fields such as IT, transportation, production, and communication.

The electricity industry has a massive role, from car transmission and household tools to reusable energy and satellite communication systems.

Electrical engineers use different components for designing electrical devices, such as batteries, switches, magnets, inductors, and conductors. 

Electrical engineers should deeply understand electronic devices, mathematics, and material knowledge. Electrical engineers should be able to predict a hardware design function before its usage. 

Electrical engineers use computer-aided design (CAD) systems to build schematics and electric circuits. Moreover, experienced electrical engineers use computers to simulate how electrical devices work.

What are an electrical engineer’s roles and responsibilities?

electrical engineer's roles and responsibilities

Electrical engineers need different qualifications, such as analytical skills, to summarize the testing process data and ensure installations align with customers’ needs and expectations. 

Whether you’re an engineer or an employer who wants to assess an electrical engineer for employment, you must know the most critical responsibilities of an electrical engineer.

Some of the electrical engineer’s responsibilities are as below

Whether you’re an engineer or an employer who wants to assess an electrical engineer for employment, you must know this role’s most important responsibility.

Some of the electrical engineer’s responsibilities are as below:

  • Design, maintain, implement, or develop electrical components, equipment, or systems 
  • Perform engineering tasks using computer base design or engineering software.
  • Communicate with customers and engineers to discuss potential projects.
  • Ensuring installation aligns with standards and customer needs 
  • Initiate construction, manufacturing, or installation standards by performing detailed calculations.
  • Ensures the work process is aligned with specifications, codes, and customer needs.
  • Write reports and gather data about existing and potential projects.
  • Prepare reports for purchasing electrical equipment and materials.
  • Supervise project team members.
  • Calculate material, labor, or construction costs for budget preparation.
  • Work with different groups of technicians

What skills should an electrical engineer have?

skills should an electrical engineer

The work of electronics and electrical engineers usually overlays, but there are some vital differences between these two fields and their roles.

In this section, we will discuss the essential skills of electrical engineers. These skills should be comprehensive, and they can promote electrical engineers’ sense of competition in the engineering market. 

Electrical Engineering needs the following skills to develop them in their future career:

  • Critical thinking
  • Technological knowledge
  • Active learning
  • Personal skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Mathematics skills 
  • physics skills
  • Innovative thinking

Additional skills that anyone can benefit from as an electrical engineer include:

  • Knowledge of math, engineering, science, and technology
  • Understanding of operating systems, hardware, and software
  • Design skills 
  • Attention to detail
  • Logical thinking skills
  • Excellent verbal communication skills
  • Able to use a computer and the leading software confidently

Hard skill questions for electrical engineers’ interview

Hard skill questions for electrical engineers' interview
  1. Can you list the most common cable types for power transmission?

These simple questions are designed so the employers can ensure the candidate has enough knowledge about basic concepts. Employers can also ask this question to determine the candidate’s confidence level and concentration on details. 

The expectations for an electrical engineer are:

  • Enough knowledge about the cable types according to their capacity, size, and transmission voltage.
  • Having enough experience about how to use the different types of cables.
  • Having the ability to communicate with customers and explain the details to them in simple language
  1. Please tell me how experienced you are with computer-aided design (CAD) systems.

Electrical engineers need CAD systems to make schematics and design circuits. An employer’s goal is to hire an engineer with exceptional experience to accelerate the working process and make adjustments in designs and modeling.

  • Candidates should be experienced in using CAD systems to replicate designs, visualize concepts and produce them.
  • Candidates need thinking skills to learn complicated software programs.
  • Candidates should improve their productivity and decrease costs through automation.
  1. Explain Thevenin’s theorem in one or two sentences.

When an engineer talks about the input or output of electrical resistance, they should be able to use Thevenin’s theorem reality. In the meantime, employers should briefly evaluate the candidate’s communication skills with customers. 

  • Candidates should be able to describe theorem concepts in simple language
  • Candidates should be able to tell the validity of the theorem in practice.
  • Candidates should have enough experience in using the theory in the workplace.

Some more hard-skill question samples are s below:

  1. Do you specialize in any electrical engineering sub-discipline?
  2. What is the project you are more interested in our company?
  3. As an electrical engineer, what skills would you bring to this job?

Behavioral questions for electrical engineers’ interview

Behavioral questions
  1. Describe a team project in which there is a disagreement between you and a coworker or supervisor. How would you handle the conflict, and what can you learn from the experience?

Electrical engineers usually work on team projects. Identifying how a candidate addresses team activities such as leadership, implementation, and disputes is essential. 

  • Candidates should have experience in leadership and make decisions as team members.
  • Candidates should respect others and make cooperative decisions
  • Candidates should create relationships between team members and get successful results.
  1. Describe how you have observed and kept records when working on engineering schematics, installed equipment, or corrective actions.

Most electrical engineers use Engineering Requirements Documents (ERD) to split a large project into slighter tasks. Candidates should have enough experience sharing tasks between team members and keep an eye on the process. 

  • Candidates should have enough experience to act as a connection between design, product, and engineering teams.
  • Candidates should have good experience in using dynamic methods to avoid misunderstanding.
  • Candidates should be able to use gathered data to ease the project’s first steps.
  1. Have you ever used sustainable materials for electrical engineering systems or designs?

More companies are interested in using recently developed green technologies for their projects. Hiring an electrical engineer with expertise in sustainable design fundamentals is necessary.

  • Candidates should know enough about eco-design and its impact on decreasing environmental effects.
  • The candidate should be interested in renewable energy theories and sustainable technologies. 
  • Candidates should be innovative in some particular fields of research.

Some more behavioral skill question samples are s below:

  1. How do you manage multiple project responsibilities as an electrical engineer?
  2. What would you do if an electric transformer was humming?
  3. What safety precautions do you take as an electrical engineer?

Soft skill questions for electrical engineers’ interview

soft skills
  1. If a project you’re working on changes team members, deadlines, or objectives, how do you adapt to these new changes?

This question is designed to evaluate the candidate’s level of flexibility. Professional electrical engineers accept changes without resistance and modify their approach, attitude, and action.

  • Candidate should focus on communication, quality check, and data change management strategies.
  • Candidates should improve their openness, flexibility, or ability skills to adapt when necessary.
  • Candidates should be excited about learning, personal growth, collaboration, and evolving new sets of skills.
  1. How important is client satisfaction in how you manage your job?

A qualified candidate understands the vital role of being energetic, communicating with shareholders, and performing based on the standards to satisfy clients.

  • Candidates should have enough work experience in designing systems to keep an eye on the level of work performance from start to end.
  • Candidates should be interested in gathering data and receiving feedback to understand the level of client satisfaction.
  • Candidates are prepared to work based on the highest standards.
  1. How do you keep yourself motivated when working on a project independently?

The best candidates are the ones who work based on standards, and their final goal is to improve people’s lives. This question evaluates candidates’ dynamics and productivity and will allow the candidate to explain their work ethics, values, and personality characteristics. 

  • Candidate response will evaluate their endeavor to be the best at their job.
  • Candidate responses will describe their efforts to stay motivated, manage time, and keep moving forward.
  • Candidate responses will manifest their level of understanding of spiritual motivation.

Some more soft skill question samples are s below:

  1. How do you stay up-to-date with developments in electrical engineering?
  2. What do you do when you don’t know the answer to a client’s question?
  3. What do you think about the future of the power industry?


The best method to practice for interviews and experience real interview pressure is to study on a question list. You never know what will happen in an interview, and this alone can cause you a lot of stress. 

Interviewing can be difficult; therefore, electrical engineer applicants can gain more information and confidence by studying interview strategies and mock technical questions and answers to get the job.